(Trigger Warning: Sexual violence)
Editor’s Note: This piece focuses largely on the experiences of sexual violence perpetrated by men against women. However, Everyday Feminism recognizes that all people can be perpetrators and survivors of sexual violence.
Originally published on Mic and cross-posted here with their permission.
This just in: Rape is in no way, shape, or form a “learning experience.”
Yet that’s exactly how Susan Patton, aka “Princeton Mom,” described it on air during a CNN interview on Thursday.
Brought on to discuss campus sexual assault, she grossly mischaracterized being raped while drunk as “a learning experience” and “a clumsy hookup melodrama.”
Patton is but one recent example of “high-profile” commentary gone wrong.
Recently, highly publicized cases – such as the Rolling Stone-University of Virginia debacle, Lena Dunham’s revelations, and the mounting Bill Cosby allegations – have exposed the vast discrepancies between people’s perceptions and the reality of rape.
But for most survivors, it doesn’t take a media spotlight to beget insensitive, uninformed, and downright erroneous remarks about sexual assault.
It’s something they face every day. Here are some things we should stop saying to survivors – immediately:
1. ‘What Were You Wearing?’
This question is a classic, if not ubiquitous, victim-blaming approach.
Time and again, survivors are asked what they were wearing at the time of their assault, implying they were “asking for it.”
Newsflash: The cause of rape is 100% rapists, not clothing choices.
In March 2014, Twitter user @Steenfox addressed this issue when she asked followers what they were wearing at the time of their assaults. The responses clearly demonstrate the irrelevance of fashion when it comes to rape.
At its core, rape is about power and control, not sex or attraction; the common claim of a woman “luring” or “enticing” her rapist with an outfit is absurd.
Furthermore, the idea that a woman who is dressed a certain way is somehow responsible for her own assault isn’t just inaccurate, it creates a class system of women and girls who are more “rapeable.”
2. ‘You Shouldn’t Have Been Drinking’
But people are not raped or assaulted because they’re drinking or drunk. Rather, as one expert quoted in USA Today said, “People get raped because there is a perpetrator there — someone who wants to take advantage of them.”
In fact, a 2001 research report found that while alcohol consumption and sexual assault often co-occur, “the desire to commit a sexual assault may actually cause alcohol consumption (e.g., when a man drinks alcohol before committing a sexual assault in order to justify his behavior).”
Perhaps it’s time to start looking at alcohol as a date rape drug instead of an excuse to justify or shrug off sexual assault.
3. ‘But They’re Your Partner – That’s Not Rape, That’s Sex’
Despite the myth that “real” rape is only committed by strangers, statistics say otherwise.
According to the Rape, Abuse, & Incest National Network (RAINN), 73% of rapists are non-strangers.
Specifically, 38% of rapists are the survivor’s friend or acquaintance, 28% are intimate partners, and 7% are family members.
The bottom line: Any unwanted sexual contact is assault, no matter who is perpetrating it.
4. ‘You Should Have Reported It’
According to RAINN, there are several reasons why survivors are reluctant to report their assaults. In their report, they state:
“The most common reason given by [survivors] (23%) is that the rape is a ‘personal matter.’ Another 16% of [survivors] say that they fear reprisal, while about 6% don’t report because they believe that the police are biased.”
Even when a rape is reported, only 3 out of 100 rapists will ever serve a day in prison, a bleak statistic that may also discourage survivors from reporting.
At the end of the day, it’s vital that we support survivors in their decisions whether or not to report their assaults. Only they can make that call.
5. ‘Why Didn’t You Fight Back Harder?’
Last month, the FBI finally updated its definition of rape, removing the word “forcible” to recognize that not all assault survivors are physically overcome by their rapists.
There are several instances in which survivors might be raped and either don’t or can’t fight off attackers.
For example, they may be drugged or otherwise mentally incapacitated, in fear for their lives, outnumbered, or experiencing tonic immobility – a response to trauma in which a person freezes.
6. ‘Are You Sure You Don’t Just Regret Having Sex with Him?’
If a women has sex with a man, regrets it, and cries rape, that constitutes a false allegation — which is extremely rare, despite men’s rights activists’ claims that this practice is endemic.
In fact, according to the National Sexual Violence Resource Center (NSVRC), only 2% to 8% of rape reports are false.
However, as the NSVRC points out, false reports are not necessarily the same as false allegations: “Investigators, prosecutors, and others often decide that a sexual assault did not happen based simply on their own views of the [survivor], the suspect, and their credibility.”
A man has a greater chance (1 in 33) of becoming a rape survivor himself than being falsely accused of raping someone.
7. ‘But You’re a Guy — You Can’t Be Raped’
This simply is not true.
Despite this, many men are reluctant to acknowledge, let alone report, their attacks.
According to research published in Psychology of Men & Masculinity in July 2014, “the majority of men who have experienced something that would qualify as child sexual abuse or adult rape based on research definitions do not label their experiences as sexual abuse or rape.”
Maureen Shaw is a contributor to Identities Mic and the founder of sherights.com. Her writing has appeared on the Huffington Post, Feministing, Jezebel, Fem2.0, and more. Follow Maureen on Twitter at @MaureenShaw.